The Parsing Method in Arabic Language and Discourse Analysis the Notion and the Procédure


Article info

2009-03-23
2010-01-27
2010-01-27
913 - 945

Keywords

Abstract

The "Parsing" presented in this study is not a change of the words’ ending by the various factors which make verbal impact on the words composing the sentence, it is not the need of these factors which are manifested as inflections or letters or omissions. We want to say that" the parsing" is the famous meaning known for specialists in the Arabic language, they define it as linguistic analysis of the sentence, it is a method that indicates the functions performed by words or groups of words, so it is the analysis of a sentence. (This analysis is called logical). From the syntactic point of view, the totality of words which constitute the sentence is not a pure agglomeration of elements or cluster together (in the mathematical sense). In the whole, if we do not add any particular structure; the relation of the element to the whole is identical for all elements. Meanwhile, the syntax defines certain relationships between elements of the sentence and its relational totality, such as two distinct elements are mostly in a different relationship vis-a - vis the total sentence (one is subject for example, the other is complementary). This concept of "parsing" is said "linguistic analysis" in English. In another sense, the "parsing" is presented as a single index of exploration of the functions of the words in some studies. Similarly, it was not considered as a method of interpreting the speech. We confirm in this study that the "Parsing" is a dependent method as grammar. The relationship between the two is considered the drug for a disease. It is also known as "practical grammar". This concept that we present was not treated in linguistic studies , because it was not given its philosophical rules by elder and even temporary linguists. Our notion is also essential to the description or interpretation of the Arabic language, because it bases the concept of parsing and provides rules and laws necessary for this method. This study responds to the orientation of recent science and modern linguistics which saw a great development, the scientists today are studying the grammar of the Arabic language which a new method, and they try to develop this research for the advancement of human sciences.

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المنهج الإعرابي وتحليل الخطاب - المفهوم والإجراء


معلومات المقال

2009-03-23
2010-01-27
2010-01-27
913 - 945

الكلمات الإفتتاحية

الملخص

الإعراب الذي نريد أن نبيّن مفهومه، ليس تغير أواخر الكلم لاختلاف العوامل الداخلة عليها لفظا أو تقديرا، ولا ما جيء به لبيان ما اقتضها العامل في حركة أو حرف أو سكون أو حذف، إنما نريد بعلم الإعراب ذلك المعنى المشهور بين المشتغلين في علوم العربية من أنه تحليل لساني للخطاب العربي، أو ذلك المنهج الذي غايته تصوير مختلف الأبواب النحوية التي يتكلم بوساطتها الفكر، وكذلك إدراك العلاقات بين عناصر الجملة للوصول إلى المعنى، حيث المعاني المعجمية للمفردات لا تؤدي إلى فهم جملة من الجمل، وهذا المعنى هو المقابل ل: "Linguistics analysis or parsing ".

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