Factors Associated with Nonadherence to Life Style Modifications among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Cross-sectional Study from Palestine


Article info

2020-09-04
2021-01-29
None - None

Keywords

  • adherence
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Lifestyle Modifications
  • Palestineز

Abstract

The aims of this study were to estimate the frequency and identify reasons for non-adherence to lifestyle modifications among type 2 diabetic patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities-Arabic instrument and the Arabic version of the Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test. A convenience sample was collected. The sample included 410 participants. The mean age of the participants was 61 ± 9.70 years. Of the participants, only 95 (23.2%) had a controlled blood glucose level (gly-cosylated hemoglobin ≤ 7%). The self-management activities from the most practiced to the least practiced (scale range 0-7) were medications (Mean: 6.28 ± 1.64), foot care activi-ties (Mean: 5.04 ± 2.43), diet activities (Mean: 4.44 ± 2.69), exercise activities (Mean: 3.96 ± 1.97), and blood glucose monitoring (Mean: 0.58 ± 1.28). The majority of participants had acceptable knowledge (63.2%, n = 259). Obese, smokers and rural participants were less likely to adhere to the appropriate diet. P values were 0.012, 0.018, and 0.011, respec-tively. Regarding regular exercise, obese participants and those with uncontrolled blood glucose levels were less engaged in exercise practice (p values were 0.041 and 0.019). The study concluded that lifestyle modifications were found to be accepted in many aspects. However, there is room for improvement. Effective education and counseling strategies are recommended with a focus on the recognized factors.

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Factors Associated with Nonadherence to Life Style Modifications among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Cross-sectional Study from Palestine


معلومات المقال

2020-09-04
2021-01-29
None - None

الكلمات الإفتتاحية

  • adherence
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Lifestyle Modifications
  • Palestineز

الملخص

The aims of this study were to estimate the frequency and identify reasons for non-adherence to lifestyle modifications among type 2 diabetic patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities-Arabic instrument and the Arabic version of the Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test. A convenience sample was collected. The sample included 410 participants. The mean age of the participants was 61 ± 9.70 years. Of the participants, only 95 (23.2%) had a controlled blood glucose level (gly-cosylated hemoglobin ≤ 7%). The self-management activities from the most practiced to the least practiced (scale range 0-7) were medications (Mean: 6.28 ± 1.64), foot care activi-ties (Mean: 5.04 ± 2.43), diet activities (Mean: 4.44 ± 2.69), exercise activities (Mean: 3.96 ± 1.97), and blood glucose monitoring (Mean: 0.58 ± 1.28). The majority of participants had acceptable knowledge (63.2%, n = 259). Obese, smokers and rural participants were less likely to adhere to the appropriate diet. P values were 0.012, 0.018, and 0.011, respec-tively. Regarding regular exercise, obese participants and those with uncontrolled blood glucose levels were less engaged in exercise practice (p values were 0.041 and 0.019). The study concluded that lifestyle modifications were found to be accepted in many aspects. However, there is room for improvement. Effective education and counseling strategies are recommended with a focus on the recognized factors.

These articles may interest you also

An-Najah National University
Nablus, Palestine
P.O. Box
7, 707
Fax
(970)(9)2345982
Tel.
(970)(9)2345560
(970)(9)2345113/5/6/7-Ext. 2378
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[email protected]
Dean
Prof. Waleed Sweileh