The Responsibility of the Peer Reviewer
The peer reviewer is responsible for critically reading and evaluating a manuscript in their specialty field, and then providing respectful, constructive, and honest feedback to authors about their submission. It is appropriate for the Peer Reviewer to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the article, ways to improve the strength and quality of the work and evaluate the relevance and originality of the manuscript. The journal operates a blind peer review system. Before accepting to review a manuscript, please consider the following:
Does the article you are being asked to review match your expertise? If you receive a manuscript that covers a topic that does not sufficiently match your area of expertise, please notify the editor as soon as possible. Please feel free to recommend an alternate reviewer.
Do you have time to review the paper? Finished reviews of an article should be completed within two weeks. If you do not think you can complete the review within this time frame, please let the editor know and if possible, suggest an alternate reviewer. If you have agreed to review a paper but will no longer be able to finish the work before the deadline, please contact the editor as soon as possible.
Are there any potential conflicts of interest? While conflicts of interest will not disqualify you from reviewing the manuscript, it is important to disclose all conflicts of interest to the editors before reviewing. If you have any questions about potential conflicts of interest, please do not hesitate to contact the receiving editorial office.
When reviewing the article, please keep the following in mind:
Content Quality and Originality
Is the article sufficiently novel and interesting to warrant publication? Does it add to the principle of knowledge? Does the article adhere to the journal’s standards? Is the research question an important one?
Manuscripts are confidential materials given to a reviewer in trust for the sole purpose of critical evaluation. Reviewers should ensure that the review process is confidential. Details of the manuscript and the review process should remain confidential during and after the review process.
‘The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own’ Oxford Dictionaries. It is unethical for reviewers to “use information obtained during the peer-review process for their own or any other person’s or organization’s advantage, or to disadvantage or discredit others” COPE.
Reviews should be honest and objective. Reviewers should not be influenced by:
- The origin of the manuscript
- Religious, the political, or cultural viewpoint of the author
- Gender, race, ethnicity, or citizenry of the author
In evaluating a manuscript, reviewers should focus on the following:
- Contribution to the field
- Technical quality
- Clarity of presentation
- Depth of research
- Observe that the author has followed the instruction for authors, editorial policies, and publication ethics.
- Observe that the appropriate journal’s reporting guidelines are followed. The report should be accurate, objective, constructive and unambiguous.
- Provide comments that are backed by facts and constructive arguments with regard to the content of the manuscript.
- Avoid using “hostile, derogatory, and accusatory comments”.
- Reviewers should not rewrite the manuscript; however necessary corrections and suggestions for improvements should be made.
Reviewers’ recommendation should be either:
- Requires minor corrections
- Requires moderate revision
- Requires major revision
- Not suitable for the journal